During the Earth Summit at Rio de Janeiro in 1992 150 nations – among them the United Kingdom -signed the Convention on Biological Diversity. This states that the Government shall: “Rehabilitate and restore degraded ecosystems and promote the recovery of threatened species”.
On a national level, the UK Action Plan for biodiversity was launched in 1994. Since then action plans for nationally important species and habitats have been produced and are periodically reviewed. Now known as UK Priority Habitats and Species, these form the basis of Cambridgeshire’s action plans, along with other locally important habitats and species. Find out more about how the UK Priorities were identified and download the full list from JNCC.
In 2006, the Natural Environment and Rural Communities (NERC) Act introduced a Biodiversity Duty for all public bodies.
Biodiversity Action Plans
The Local Habitat and Species Action Plans were first produced in 1999, and reviewed in 2003 and 2008. A complete review of all the BAPS nationally took place in 2007, and local BAPs are now monitored in a nationwide database, the Biodiversity Action Reporting System.